1.represent (vt.) 代表;象征→representative (adj.) 有代表性的 (n.) 代表;典型

  2.adult (n.)**;成年人 (adj.)**的;成熟的

  3.function (n.) 作用;功能;职能 (vi.) 起作用;运转

  4.ease (n.) 安逸;舒适 (vt.) 减轻(痛苦、忧虑)

  5.false (adj.) 错误的;假的

  6.rank (n.) 等级;军衔

  7.dash (vi.) 猛冲;突进

  8.approach (vt.&vi.) 接近;靠近;走近 (n.) 接近;方法;途径

  9.association (n.) 社团;联系;联想→associate (vt.) 把……联系起来

  10.curious (adj.) 好奇的→curiously (adv.) 好奇的→curiosity (n.) 好奇;好奇心

  11.defend (vt.) 保护;保卫→defence (n.) 防御;保卫→defensive(adj.)防御性的

  12.major (adj.) 主要的→majority (n.) 大多数;大部分

  13.misunderstand (vt.) 误解;误会→misunderstanding (n.) 误解;误会→misunderstood (过去式/过去分词)

  14.spoken (adj.) 口语的→unspoken (反义词) (adj.)未说出口的;非口语的

  15.truly (adv.)**实地;真诚地;真正地→true (adj.)**实的→truth (n.) 事实;真理

  16.statement (n.) 陈述;说明→state (vt.) 声明;陈述→state (n.) 状态;州;国家

  17.simply (adv.) 简单的;只→simple (adj.) 简单的;朴素的→simplify (vt.) 简化

  18.anger (n.) 怒气;怒火→angry (adj.) 生气的→angrily (adv.) 愤怒地;生气地

  19.greet(vi.&vt.) 迎接;问候→greeting (n.) 迎接;问候;招呼

  20.subjective (adj.) 主观的→subject (n.) 学科;主观事物→objective (反义词) (adj.) 客观的

  21.facial (adj.) 面部的→face (n.) 脸;面部


  1.defend…_against 防御;保卫……以免受……

  2.be_likely_to 很可能……;有希望……

  3.in_general 总的来说;通常

  4.at_ease 舒适;快活;自由自在

  5.lose_face 丢脸

  6.turn_one’s_back_to 背对

  7.in_defence 防御;保卫

  8.on_the_contrary 相反

  9.be_nervous_about 对……感到紧张

  10.in_most_cases 在大多数情况下


  ①be crazy about 对……疯狂②be nervous about 对……紧张

  ③be curious about 对……好奇④be anxious about 为……担心/焦虑

  ⑤be cautious about 对……谨慎⑥be particular about 对……挑剔



  What Do_you_think (你认为)** the purpose of language?


  The_first_person_to_arrive (第一个到达的人) was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely followed**y Julia**ith from**ritain.

  3.not all…表示部分否定

  Not_all_cultures_greet_each_other_the_same_way (各种文化背景下的人互致问候的方式不尽相同), nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or distance**etween people.

  4.(sbhttp://www.toutiao.com/a6839884557479576071/sth.)**e likely to do sth.(某人或某物)可能做某事

  However, people from places like Spain, Italy or South American countries approach others closely and are_more_likely_to_touch (很可能接触) them.


  After half an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive, I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking_around_curiously.


  高频考点一 单词

  例1、represent vt.代表;象征;表现;描写;描绘;声称

  Yesterday, another student and I,representing our university’s student association, went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year’s international students.(P26)



  eq \a\vs4\al(represent**. as/to**e… 宣称某人为……,represent sth. to**. 向某人说明某事;向某人传达某事,represent oneself as/to**e… 自称是……,representative adj. 典型的;有代表性的 n.代表)

  例2、curious adj.好奇的

  Julie was curious to find out more, so after talking with her parents that evening, she**ooked a flight to South America.



  (1)be curious about 对……感到好奇

  Be curious to_do sth. 渴望做某事

  (2)curiosity n. 好奇心

  out_of curiosity 出于好奇

  meet/satisfy one’s curiosity 满足某人的好奇心

  with curiosity=curiously 好奇的

  例3.approach vt.& vi.接近;靠近;走近 n.接近;方法;途径

  Tony approached Julia,touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek!



  (1)at the approach of 在……快要来临的时候

  an approach to (doing) sth. 做某事的方法

  (2)approach sthhttp://www.toutiao.com/a6839884557479576071/sb. 接近,靠近某物/某人

  with…approaching 随着……的临近




  the approach to (doing) sth.

  the way to do/of (doing) sth.

  the means of (doing) sth.

  the method of (doing) sth.

  (3)注意以下不同的介词搭配:with this method/in this way/by this means。

  例4、defend vt.保护;保卫 defence n.防御;保卫

  She stepped**ack appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defence.(P26)



  (1)defend**http://www.toutiao.com/a6839884557479576071/sth. from/against**http://www.toutiao.com/a6839884557479576071/sth. 保护某人/某物免受某人/某物的伤害

  defend oneself against sth. 为自己辩护

  (2)in defence(of…) 为了保卫(……)

  in**.’s/sth.’s defence 为某人/某物辩护;在某人/某物的保护下

  例5.rank n. 等级;军衔 vi. 排名;名列 vt. 评价

  It** not usually good to stand too close to someone of a higher rank.



  people of all ranks 各阶层的人

  a painter of the first/top rank 一流的画家

  He ranks high. 他的排名很高。

  rank the students 为学生划分等级

  rank**. as… 将某人评定为……


  ①We all rank him as a first­class painter.

  ②Word came that Chinese sports delegation (代表团) had won 70 medals in the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio,**razil, ranking (rank) the 3rd of the medal list.

  例6.major adj. 主要的;重要的 n. 专业 vi. 主修

  I guessed that there was probably a major misunderstanding.



  (1)major in     主修

  (2)in the/ a majority 占大多数

  a/the majority of 大多数……


  ①He had a**itter quarrel with his parents about what he would major in at Stanford.

  ②Generally speaking, if you look at the audience at a classical concert, the majority (major) of them are over the age of fifty.

  高频考点二 短语

  例1、be likely to 很可能……;有希望……

  However, people from places like Spain, Italy or South American countries approach others closely and are more likely to touch them.(P26)



  (1)sbhttp://www.toutiao.com/a6839884557479576071/sth.**e likely to_do sth. 某人/某物可能做某事

  It** likely that… 做……是可能的。(主语从句)


  例2、in general 总的来说;通常

  In general,though,studying international customs can certainly help**oid difficulties in today’s world of cultural crossroads!



  (1)general knowledge 常识

  as a general rule 一般而言;通常

  (2)generally adv. 一般地;通常地

  generally speaking 通常来说;总的来说(在句中作插入语)

  (3)on the whole 总的来说=in a word=in short=in**rief=all in all=in general

  例3、lose face 丢脸;失面子

  There are unhappy**iles, such as when someone”loses face” and**iles to hide it.(P30)还有不愉快的微笑,比如说当某人”丢脸”时,他们用微笑来掩盖。


  (1)save one’s face 挽回面子

  make a face 做个鬼脸

  (2)be faced with 面对

  (3)face_to_face 面对面

  in (the) face of 面对(问题、困难、危险等)

  例4、at ease 舒适;快活;自由自在

  The most universal facial expression**, of course, the**ile—its function** to show happiness and put people at ease.



  (1)with ease轻易地;毫不费力地

  feel/look at ease感到/看上去心情放松

  put**. at ease使某人放松

  take one’s ease休息;轻松一下

  (2)ease**. of sth.减轻某人的(痛苦、负担等)

  例5.turn one’s**ack to背对

  In most places around the world, frowning and turning one’s**ack to someone shows anger.



  on one’s**ack仰卧着;卧病在床

  turn one’s**ack on**.拒绝帮助别人;对……不理睬;背弃

  turn in上交

  turn out证明是;结果是

  turn up出现;调大(音量等)

  turn down拒绝;调小(音量等)

  turn to转向;求助

  例6.in most cases 在大多数情况下

  In most cases, he would**e in time for everything.



  in any case无论如何;总之

  in case万一;如果;以防

  in case of万一;以防

  in that/this case如果那/这样

  in no case在任何情况下都不(置于句首时句子的主谓要采用部分倒装结构)


  I can think of many cases where students know a lot of English words**ut can’t write a good essay.


  ①It was considerate of Michael to**rm us of his delay in_case we got worried.


  ②It may rain; you’d**etter take an umbrella in_case.


  ③In_no_case should you give up.


  高频考点三 句型

  例1.The first person to_arrive was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely followed**y Julia**ith from**ritain.第一个到达的是从哥伦比亚来的托尼·加西亚,随后紧跟着的是英国的朱丽娅·史密斯。

  【归纳拓展】to arrive是不定式作后置定语。

  (1)当中心词是序数词或被序数词、形容词最高级,next, only, last等限定时,常用不定式作后置定语。

  (2)动词不定式作定语常用来修饰抽象名词,常见的有:ability, chance, ambition, offer, anxiety, answer, attempt, way等。


  例2.Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or distance**etween people.





  (2)如果前句有两个分句,或者既有肯定又有否定,要用so it** with…或It’s the same with…句型。





  ①Mary never does any reading in the evening, nor does Jane.

  ②He**n’t a doctor,and nor/neither** his**rother.

  ③If** can finish the work on time, so can I.

  ④Mike** from Canada and he speaks Chinese very well, so it** with Ann.

  例3.I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking around curiously.


  1本句包含的句型是:see**. do sth,使用这样结构的动词有:feel, have, hear, make, notice, observe, see, watch 等。还有两个词组:listen to 和 look at

  2looking around curiously 是动词的­ing形式作伴随状语;动词­ing 形式作状语,当句子的谓语动词和动词­ing形式所表示的动作在时间上几乎同时发生时,用doing 作状语;若动词­ing形式动作发生在句子谓语动词所表示的动作之前,用其完成式having done 作状语;动词­ing 形式的否定形式为:not doing 或者not having done


  ①When I got home yesterday, I saw my father reading (read) newspaper in his study.

  ②The**oy came running (run) into the house.

  例4.With so many cultural differences**etween people, it** great to have some similarities in**ody language.人们之间有那么多文化方面的不同,但在肢体语言方面有相似之处真是太好了。

  此处的”With so many cultural differences**etween people”为”with+宾语+宾补”结构,between people 是介词短语作宾语补足语

  She saw a**all river with green grass and red flowers on**oth sides.


  The teacher came into the classroom with a dictionary in her hand.



  ①With many things to_deal (deal) with, I have to stop listening to the light music.

  ②Tian’an Men Square looks even more**eautiful with all lights on

  高频考点四 语法



  1. 表示名词的属性、作用或用途。

  There** a swimming pool in our school.

  2. 表示所修饰的名词的动作或状态,相当于一个定语从句。

  The**oy studying in the classroom** our monitor.

  (=The**oy who** studying in the classroom** our monitor.)

  3. 当分词单独作定语时,放在所修饰的名词前;如果是分词短语作定语,则放在该名词后。

  I was satisfied with the exciting speech.

  They lived in a house facing south.



  Turning around, I saw a car driving up.

  Not knowing his**ephone number, I couldn’t get in touch with him.

  Working hard, you’ll make great progress.

  The snow lasted a week, resulting in a serious traffic confusion in the whole area.

  He came running**ack to**l me the news.

未经允许不得转载:掌上百科 » hide是什么意思中文(hide的初中英语知识点)

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